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Tyes of Cities


From the Texas Municipal League’s “Handbook for Mayor’s and Councilmembers”  http://www.tml.org/pub_handbooks Chapter 1 https://www.tml.org/Handbook-M&C/Chapter1.pdf  :

 “There are two categories of cities in Texas: home rule and general law. Home rule cities are larger cities. Any city over 5,000 inhabitants in which the citizens have adopted a home rule charter is a home rule city.” 

A General Law city. 

“General law cities operate under one of two forms of government: aldermanic or commission. [Type B, aldermanic form, has] a “board of aldermen’’ and includes six members (a mayor and five aldermen), all of whom are elected at-large.  … The [Type C, commission, form uses a] “board of commissioners” and always consists of a mayor and two commissioners. No other elective officers are required. … The city manager plan can be adopted in any general law city.”

“Most new cities begin as General Law cities under a state law that permits the incorporation of any area containing 201 to 10,000 inhabitants.”

So a new city most likely is a Type B or Type C General Law city depending upon whether the founders think a aldermanic or commission form would serve them better.

“General law city officials occasionally call the Texas Municipal League office to request a copy of their “city charters.  Unlike home rule cities, general law cities do not have charters. The creation of a general law city is documented in its incorporation papers, filed at the county courthouse, which describe when the city was established and its original boundaries.”

Setting the City Limits (boundaries)

Texas law allows unincorporated land to form a city provided the proposed boundary:
  1. Contains at least 200 inhabitants (not voters),
  2. Is no more than 2 square miles in area (not 2 miles square), unless it contains over 2,000 inhabitants, and
  3. A majority of the registered inhabitants vote “yes” to incorporate.

That's it.  Forming (incorporating) a city is the easy part.  Operating the city once it's incorporated is the hard part.